NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 7 Glimpses of India are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 7 Glimpses of India.
|Subject||English First Flight|
|Chapter Name||Glimpses of India|
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English First Flight Chapter 7 Glimpses of India
ORAL COMPREHENSION CHECK
What are the elders in Goa nostalgic about ?
They are nostalgic about the Portuguese and their famous loaves of bread.
Is bread-making still popular in Goa ? How do you know ?
The loaves of bread are still popular. The thud and jingle of the traditional baker’s bamboo can still be heard in the morning. It is clear in : The fire in the furnaces has not yet been extinguished …’
What is the baker called ?
The baker is called pader in Goa.
When would the baker come everyday ? Why did the children run to meet him ?
He would come twice a day. The children ran to meet him not for loaves of bread but ‘bread-bangles’.
ORAL COMPREHENSION CHECK
Match the following. What is a must
- as marriage gifts? — cakes and bolinhas
- for a party or a feast? — sweet bread called bol
- for a daughter’s engagement? — bread
- for Christmas? — sandwiches
- as marriage gifts — sweet bread called bol
- for a party or a feast — bread
- for a daughter’s engagement — sandwiches
- for Christmas — cakes and bolinhas
What did the bakers wear
- in the Portuguese days ?
- when the author was young ?
- They wore the kabai. It was a single-piece long frock that reached down to the knees.
- They wore a shirt and trousers. These were shorter than full-length ones and longer than half pants.
Who invites the comment—‘he is dressed like a pader’ ? Why ?
A person who wears a half pant invites this comment. The half pant reaches just below the knee.
Where were the monthly accounts of the baker recorded ?
They recorded them on some wall in pencil.
What does a jackfruit-like appearance’ mean ?
It means fat and plumpy like the jackfruit itself.
THINKING ABOUT THE TEXT
Which of these statements are correct ?
- The pader was an important person in a village in old times.
- Paders still exist in Goan villages.
- The paders went away with the Portuguese.
- The paders continue to wear a single-piece long frock.
- Bread and cakes were an integral part of Goan life in the old days.
- Traditional bread-baking is still a very profitable business.
- Paders and their families starve in the present times.
Is bread an important part of Goan life ? How do you know this ?
It is an important part of Goan life. It is clear from marriage gifts, cakes and bolinhas for Christmas etc.
Tick the right answer. What is the tone of the author when he says the following ?
- The thud and the jingle of the traditional baker’s bamboo can still be heard in some places, (nostalgic, hopeful, sad)
- Maybe the father is not alive but the son still carries on the family profession, (nostalgic, hopeful, sad)
- I still recall the typical fragrance of those loaves, (nostalgic, hopeful, naughty)
- The tiger never brushed his teeth. Hot tea could wash and clean up everything so nicely, after all. (naughty, angry, funny)
- Cakes and bolinhas are a must for Christmas as well as other festivals, (sad, hopeful, matter-of-fact)
- The baker and his family never starved. They always looked happy and prosperous, (matter-of-fact, hopeful, sad)
I. In this extract, the author talks about traditional bread-baking during his childhood days. Complete the following table with the help of the clues on the left. Then write a paragraph about the author’s childhood days.
|Clues||Author’s childhood days|
|the way bread was baked||……………………………………..|
|the way the pader sold bread||……………………………………..|
|what the pader wore||……………………………………..|
|when the pader was paid||……………………………………..|
|how the pader looked||……………………………………..|
|Clues||Author’s childhood days|
|the way bread was baked||Age-old time-tested furnaces still exist. The fire still bums in them. The baker arrives with the thud and jingle in some places.|
the way the pader sold bread
|He made his musical entry with ‘jhang jhang’ sound with his bamboo staff. He wished ‘Good morning’. Breads were sold in minutes.|
|what the pader wore||It was kabai, a single-piece long frock reaching down to the knees.|
|when the pader was paid||He was paid at the end of the month.|
|how the pader looked||He looked fat and plumpy. He wore a shirt and trousers. These were shorter than full-length ones and longer than half pants.|
Author’s Childhood Days
The author remembers well his childhood days. The baker called pader used to come twice a day to sell his bread. He used to make a musical entry with ‘jhang, jhang’ sound with his bamboo staff. He placed his basket on the vertical bamboo. He wished ‘Good morning’ to the lady of the house. He would deliver the bread to the maid. The author as a child would climb a bench or the parapet. He would do so to peep into his basket of loaves of bread. He and other children longed for bread-bangles which were sweet bread of special make.
THINKING ABOUT THE TEXT
Where is Coorg ?
Coorg or Kodagu is the smallest district of Karnataka. It is midway between Mysore and the coastal town of Mangalore.
What is the story about the Kodavu people’s descent ? (CBSE 2011)
The story is like this : A part of Alexander’s army moved south along the coast. It settled there. Their return was not possible. They married the locals and settled here.
What are some of the things you now know about
- the people of Coorg ?
- the main crop of Coorg ?
- the sports it offers to tourist ?
- the animals you are likely to see in Coorg ?
- its distance from Bangalore, and how to get there ?
I now know about all these things given under (i) to (v) here. All this information is clearly given in the text in the following way :
- The people of Coorg are greatly independent. They are of Greek or Arabic descent.
- The main crop of Coorg is coffee.
- It offers adventurous sports. These are like river rafting, canoeing, rappelling, rock climbing and mountain biking to tourists.
- The animals one is likely to see in Coorg are Macaques, Malabar squirrel, Langurs and slender loris.
- The distance between Bangalore and Coorg is around 260 km. One can reach Coorg by Air, by Rail and by Road. The route via Mysore is the most frequented one.
Here are six sentences with some words in italics. Find phrases from the text that have the same meaning. (Look at the paragraphs indicated)
- During monsoons it rains so heavily that tourists do not visit Coorg. (para 2)
- Some people say that Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled there, (para 3)
- The Coorg people are always ready to tell stories of their son’s and father’s valour. (para 4)
- Even people who normally lead an easy and slow life get smitten by the high-energy adventure sports of Coorg. (para 6)
- The theory of the Arab origin is supported by the long coat with embroidered waist- belt they wear, (para 3)
- Macaques, Malabar squirrels observe you carefully from the tree canopy, (para 7)
- During monsoons it pours enough to keep many visitors away.
- As the story goes, Alexander’s army moved south along the coast and settled there.
- The Coorg people are more than willing to recount numerous stories of valour related to their sons and fathers.
- The most laidback individuals become converts to the high energy adventure sports of Coorg.
- The theory of the Arab origin draws support from the long coat with embroidered waist-belt they wear.
- Macaques, Malabar squirrels keep a watchful eye from the tree canopy.
THINKING ABOUT LANGUAGE
Certain words ‘go together’. Such “word friends’ are called collocations. The collocation of a word is ‘the company it keeps’.
For example, look at the paired sentences and phrases below. Which is a common collocation, and which one is odd ? Strike out the odd sentence or phrase.
(a) “How old are you ?” , “How young are you ?”
(b) a pleasant person , a pleasant pillow
(a) a pleasant person
(b) a pleasant pillow
This paired phrase is odd. So it should be struck out.
Here are some nouns from the text.
culture monks surprise experience weather tradition
Work with a partner and discuss which of the nouns can collocate with which of the adjectives given below. The first one has been done for you.
unique terrible unforgettable serious ancient wide sudden
(i) culture : unique culture, ancient culture
(ii) monks : _______________________________
(iii) surprise : _______________________________
(iv) experience : _______________________________
(v) weather : _______________________________
(vi) tradition : _______________________________
Students may discuss about the nouns and adjectives collocations at their own levels. The following shall collocate together :
(ii) monks : serious monks, unique monks
(iii) surprise : terrible surprise, sudden surprise
(iv) experience : unique experience, terrible experience, unforgettable experience, wide experience
(v) weather : terrible weather, unique weather
(vi) tradition : unique tradition, ancient tradition.
Complete the following phrases from the text. For each phrase, can you find at least one o^her word that would fit into the blank ?
- tales of _________________
- coastal _________________
- a piece of _________________
- evergreen _________________
- _________________ plantations
- _________________ bridge
- wild _________________
You may add your own examples to this list.
- tales of valour
- coastal town
- a piece of heaven
- evergreen rainforests
- coffee plantations
- rope bridge
- wild elephants
Some other examples from my side
smooth plains hilly areas/terrains
river beds Tibetan settlements
THINKING ABOUT LANGUAGE
Look at these words : upkeep, downpour, undergo, dropout, walk-in. They are built up from a verb (keep, pour, go, drop, walk) and an adverb or a particle (up, down, under, out, in).
Use these words appropriately in the sentences below. You may consult a dictionary.
- A heavy ________ has been forecast due to low pressure in the Bay of Bengal.
- Rakesh will ________ major surgery tomorrow morning.
- My brother is responsible for the ________ of our family property.
- The ________ rate for this accountancy course is very high.
- She went to the Enterprise Company to attend a ________ interview.
Now fill in the blanks in the sentences given below by combining the verb given in brackets with one of the words from the box as appropriate.
over by through out up down
- The Army attempted unsuccessfully to ________ the Government, (throw)
- Scientists are on the brink of a major ________ in cancer research, (break)
- The State Government plans to build a ________ for Bhubaneswar to speed up traffic on the main highway, (pass)
- Gautama’s ________ on life changed when he realised that the world is full of sorrow. (look)
- Rakesh seemed unusually ________ after the game, (cast)
II. Notice how these—ing and—ed adjectives are used.
(a) Chess is an interesting game. I am very interested in chess.
(b) Going trekking in the Himalayas this We are very excited about the trek, summer is an exciting idea ?
(c) Are all your school books this boring ? He was bored as he had no friends there.
The—ing adjectives show the qualities that chess, trekking, or these books have : they cause interest, excitement, or boredom in you. The —ed /—en adjectives show your mental state, or your physical state : how you feel in response to ideas, events or things.
Think of suitable —ing or —ed adjectives to answer the following questions. You may also use words from those given above.
How would you describe :
- a good detective serial on television ? ________
- a debate on your favourite topic ‘Homework Should Be Banned’ ? ________
- how you feel when you stay indoors due to incessant rain ? ________
- how you feel when you open a present ? ________
- how you feel when you watch your favourite programme on television ? ________
- the look on your mother’s face as you waited in a queue ? ________
- how you feel when tracking a tiger in a tiger reserve forest ? ________
- the story you have recently read, or a film you have seen ? ________
- a good detective serial on television ? interesting
- a debate on your favourite topic “homework should be banned’ ? invigorating/ eye-opening
- how you feel when you stay indoors due to incessant rain ? boring
- how you feel when you open a present you have got ? excited, thrilled
- how you feel when you watch your favourite programme on television ? excited
- the look on your mother’s face as you waited in a queue ? worrying
- how you feel when tracking a tiger in a tiger reserve forest ? worried, excited, thrilled
- the story you have recently read, or a film you have seen ? interesting
Now use the adjectives in the exercise above, as appropriate, to write a paragraph about Coorg.
The description about Coorg was really interesting. It was an invigorating and eye¬opening account of a beautiful place that our country has. I felt excited and thrilled to read that Kodagus are such a martial race. The wildlife and the panoramic view of the entire misty landscape excited and thrilled me. But it was worrying how alone would I go there ? The idea that I might be lost in case I went all alone made me worried. But the idea that I shall see everything about the place thrilled me. It is so thrilling to see this piece of heaven with evergreen forests and spices and coffee plantations. Today, scientific research across the world has attempted to establish the beneficial qualities of tea—a fact the Japanese and the Chinese knew anyway from ancient times, attributing to it numerous medicinal properties.
SPEAKING AND WRITING
1. Read the following passage about tea :
India and tea are so intertwined together that life without the brew is unimaginable. Tea entered our life only in the mid-nineteenth century when the British started plantations in Assam and Daijeeling ! In the beginning though, Indians shunned the drink as they thought it was a poison that led to umpteen diseases. Ironically, tea colonised Britain where it became a part of their social diary and also led to the establishment of numerous tea houses.
Today, scientific research across the world has attempted to establish the beneficial qualities of tea—a fact the Japanese and the Chinese knew anyway from ancient times, attributing to it numerous medicinal properties.
[Source: ‘History : Tea Anytime’, by Ranjit Biswas from Literary Review The Hindu, 1 October, 2006]
Collect information about tea, e.g., its evolution as a drink, its beneficial qualities. You can consult an encyclopedia or visit Internet websites. Then form groups of five and play the following roles : Imagine a meeting of a tea planter, a sales agent, a tea lover (consumer), a physician and a tea-shop owner. Each person in the group has to put forward his/her views about tea. You may use the following words and phrases.
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2. You are the sales executive of a famous tea company and you have been asked to draft an advertisement for the product. Draft the advertisement using the information you collected for the role play. You can draw pictures or add photographs and make your advertisement colorful.
1. As desired, students should consult an encyclopaedia. They should visit some Internet sites for getting this information. Then they may form groups and play these roles.
2. The answer to this question is directly connected with the information collected under 1 above. Students may write or draw pictures to draft the suitable advertisement.
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