NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Main Course Book Unit 2 Adventure Chapter 3 Ordeal in the Ocean

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Main Course Book Unit 2 Adventure Chapter 3 Ordeal in the Ocean

NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Main Course Book Unit 2 Chapter 3 Ordeal in the Ocean are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English. Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 9 English Main Course Book Unit 2 Chapter 3 Ordeal in the Ocean.



Board CBSE
Textbook NCERT
Class Class 9
Subject English Main Course Book
Chapter Unit 2 Chapter 3
Chapter Name Ordeal in the Ocean
Category NCERT Solutions

CBSE Class 9 English Main Course Book Unit 2 Adventure Chapter 3 Ordeal in the Ocean

TEXTUAL EXERCISES
(Page 34)

ORDEAL IN THE OCEAN :
In this section we shall read an adventure story entitled ‘Ordeal in the Ocean’, in which you will probably come across some unfamiliar words. Therefore, before we read the story, we shall have some more ‘puzzling out’ practice.



Question 1.
Read the following extracts from the story, and try to puzzle out the meanings of the encircled words from other words and phrases in the extract. Write the clues in the empty boxes. Then give your own explanation of the encircled word.
(a)
I saw individual stars, but I could not distinguish the constellation they belonged to. Then dawn came and put out all my stars. Therefore constellation means ___________________ .
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(b)
Indeed there had been a distant rumbling for some time, although I had paid no attention to it. Now I started listening and I thought it sounded like the characteristic noise of jet airplanes constantly landing and taking off. Therefore rumbling means ___________________ .
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(c)
It was a gigantic wave with steep, very slowly falling crests. Never in my life had I seen such an enormous wave. It seemed to be touching the sky. Therefore gigantic means ___________________ .
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(d)
The wave did not break over me as I assumed it would. An irresistible force dragged me up its steep slope, right to the very foot of the falling crest. Therefore irresistible means ___________________ .
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(e)
For a moment I found myself in the air under the crest, as if in a cave. Then, my body was in the swirling current of water; the inner power of the wave turned me head over heels several times, twisting me in all directions before it tired. Therefore swirling means ___________________ .
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(f)
Around me I could see random currents of water, splashes of foam and phosphorescent spray all swirling about…. I left a trail of luminous water and my body glittered like some princess’s ball gown. Therefore phosphorescent means __________________.
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Answer :
(a) group of stars
(b) a deep heavy continuous sound
(c) very huge, large-sized, enormous
(d) a force which cannot be resisted
(e) moving or twisting in all directions
(f) brightened or beautiful, luminous

Question 2.
Suppose you are on a ship, far out to sea. Something happens, and you find yourself in the water. The ship continues on its journey. Discuss the following with your partner and share your views with the class

  • How long do you think you can stay alive in the water ?
  • How will you know which way to swim ?
  • What dangers will you face ?

Answer :

  • Staying alive in the water in such a circumstance depends on many things. These may be the condition of the sea, sea winds and my physical and mental courage. Normally, if I find myself in water, I, perhaps, may stay alive for about 10-15 hours. But everything depends on the situation. It is quite possible I may not last for more than a minute.
  • The position of the stars in the sky would help me know which way to swim.
  • The dangers will come mainly from the sea. These might be from sea animals, like sharks, whales etc. Secondly, the sea storm or cyclonic waves would also pose many dangers.

Question 3.
‘Ordeal in the Ocean’ is the story of Slava Kurilov, a Russian who faced a remarkable trial by water. Slava kurilov tells his own story. Read on …
Answer :
When the liner had finally vanished over the horizon, I was absolutely alone in the stormy night sea. First I thought I had to swim one way, then another. It was not even midnight yet, and I had no hope at all of finding my way in this terrible night time ocean. I began to feel afraid. Waves of fear rolled through me, starting from my hands and feet, attacking my heart and then passing through my neck to my head. Waves broke over me and water went into my snorkel. I realised I would not be able to last even half an hour in such a condition.
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I saw individual stars, but I could not distinguish the constellation they belonged to. Then dawn came and put out all my starsand I felt my solitude more keenly. The sky was grey at first, then blue-violet shades appeared. In a few minutes, the colours became brighter, with dark red strips cutting across the sky!

The rising sun came up over the ocean. I was surrounded by large waves. The clouds turned pink and swept across the sky in all directions. It was a windy day. There was no land visible. I grew alarmed. Had I made a mistake in my calculations? Perhaps the current had carried me a long a way off the course during the night? An hour passed, perhaps two.

“Land!!!” I could not deny myself the pleasure of shouting the magic word aloud and of hearing my own voice. Perhaps it was my ghostly island of Siargao? I almost felt I had succeeded – now at least I had hope. The sun looked out for the last time, as if it were saying goodbye to me, and hid itself away again. In a few minutes the sky filled with all the colours of a rainbow, the bright shades changing and merging as I watched. At first the clouds became deep red and then their edges turned bright orange. A little while afterwards, the clouds turned lilac and dark violet. Darkness fell swiftly. My second lonely night in the ocean began. The stars came out unnoticed. I changed course and headed for the south west. As it turned out, this was an unforgivable mistake.

Evening was approaching. The ocean around me was full of life; large fish often leapt out of the water and big birds flew right above my head. I could see the island distinctly now. A line of dancing palms stretched the length of its shore. The sides of the mountain were covered in many different shades of green. An hour passed, perhaps more. It was extraordinarily quiet.

Then suddenly to my horror, I discovered my island had noticeably begun to move north and was drifting further and further in that direction right before my eyes. Before I had worked out what was happening and could sharply change my course towards the north, the southern tip of the island had appeared in front of me and, beyond that, open ocean stretched to the very horizon. I was totally at the mercy of the current and realised to my alarm that it was slowly carrying me past land.

My third night in the ocean crept up unnoticed. This third night in the ocean was very dark, much darker than the two previous ones. I almost decided to die as I had no hope of seeing another dawn.

I was suddenly aware of a quiet voice: “Swim to the sound of the breakers.” Indeed, there had been a distant rumbling for some time, although I had paid no attention to it. Now I started listening and I thought it sounded like the characteristic noise of jet aeroplanes constantly landing and taking off. The voice inside kept insisting that I should swim towards this thunder of waves.
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At last I obeyed. Again I heard an approaching rumble. What I suddenly saw at a distance of about 30 or 40 metres has imprinted itself on my memory forever. It was a gigantic wave with steep, very slowly falling crests. Never in my life had I seen such an enormous wave – it even seemed to be touching the sky. It moved very slowly and was fantastically beautiful.

The wave did not break over me as I assumed it would. An irresistible force dragged me up its steep slope right to the very foot of the falling crest. Instinctively I clutched my mask snorkel and managed to take a deep breath. The crest started to break over me and pulled me under it. For a moment, I found myself in the air under the crest as if in a cave. Then my body was in a swirling current of water; the inner power of the wave turned me head over heels several times, twisting me in all directions before it tired.

I realised that I had to try to keep my body on the crest and I quickly took up a horizontal position. This time the wave quickly grabbed me and carried me at great speed for quite a long distance on its crest.

I got up to the surface easily and swam in the direction the waves were heading. “Somewhere there, beyond the reef, there should be a lagoon,” I hoped. Suddenly, I felt something hard under my feet. I could stand up to my chest in water! Around me I could see random currents of water, splashes of foam and phosphorescent spray all swirling about. Before I fully came to my senses, another large wave approached and carried me some distance further. I was up to my waist in water when a new wave picked me up, taking me several metres forward. Now the depth of the water was only up to my knees. I had enough time to take a few tentative steps, to catch my breath and look around.

I surfaced at the foot of very tall palm trees. I left a trail of luminous water and my body glittered like some princess’s ball-gown. Only now did I feel completely safe. The ocean was behind me…

Question 4.
Below are some incomplete sentences about the story. Complete each sentence appropriately, according to the story.

  1. Slava Kurilov was in the water because he … Evidence for this is …
  2. His biggest mistake was when he …
  3. He decided to die because …
  4. He was carried towards the lagoon when he decided to …

Answer :

  1. Slava Kurilov was in the water because he jumped into the sea and was swimming. Evidence for this is (that) he had a snorkel and mask, and he referred to his “calculations”.
  2. His biggest mistake was when he changed the course and so was carried past the island/swam to the southeast direction.
  3. He decided to die because he lost hope of seeing another dawn.
  4. He was carried towards the lagoon when he decided to swim towards the breakers, that is, breaking waves.

Question 5.
Below is a map of the area in which Slava Kurilov faced his ordeal. You will also see the major events in the story, in mixed order, each accompanied by a symbol. After you have read ‘Ordeal in the Ocean’, draw the appropriate symbol against each x mark. (One is already drawn for you.) Draw the symbols or number the symbols, and transfer them to the map.)
Answer :
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Note :
There seems some confusion in relating the events of the story to those marked in the diagram. We have tried our best to correlate these in the most appropriate way strictly as per the text given. Students might try on their own to understand these events and mark them as given in the diagram.

Question 6.
The author uses many vivid and colourful expressions to describe the ocean, clouds, sky, waves and his own feelings. List the expressions that you like the most.

  • Ocean
    (1)
    (2)
  •  Clouds and sky
    (1) The sun looked out for the last time as if it were saying goodbye to me.
    (2)
  •  Waves
    (1)
    (2)

Find at least two expressions under each heading :
Answer :
Ocean :

  1. The ocean around me was full of life.
  2. Large fish often leaped out of the water.
  3. Big birds flew right above my head.
  4. the open ocean stretched to the very horizon.
  5. Around me I could see random currents of water.
  6. splashes of foam and phosphorescent spray all swirling about.

Clouds and Sky :

  1. The clouds turned pink and swept across the sky in all directions.
  2. In a few minutes the sky was filled with all colours of a rainbow. The bright shades changed and merged as I watched.
  3. At first the clouds became deep red and then their edges turned bright orange.
  4. Puffs of snow-white clouds hung motionless.
  5. The clouds seemed to be adorning themselves in yellow.

Waves :

  1. It was a gigantic wave, with steep, very slowly falling crests.
  2. Then my body was in swirling current of water. The inner power of the wave turned me head over heels several times, twisting me in all directions before it tired.
  3. This time the wave quickly grabbed me. It carried me at great speed for quite a long distance on its crest.
  4. Never in my life had I seen such an enormous wave — it even seemed to be touching the sky.
  5. The inner power of the wave turned me head over heels several times, twisting me in all directions.

Question 7.
Another technique adopted by the writer is to use figures of speech such as a simile. A simile is used to express similarity between two things, e.g. He is as fast as lightning. The rain fell heavily on the metal roof like a machine-gun. Similes usually start with ‘like’ or ‘as’. Find two similes in the last section of the story.

  1. I found myself still in the air under the crest as if in a cave.
  2. I left a trail of luminous water and my body glittered like some princess’s ball gown.

Question 8.
Now try to build your own similes for the following :

  1. The rock stood …
  2. The waves leapt…
  3. The sea shone …
  4. The sun set…
  5. The rain fell heavily …
  6. The birds soared …
  7. Dawn broke …
  8. The stars …
  9. The wind shook the trees …

Add other similes of your own and write them in your notebook.
Answer :

  1. The rock stood hanging like a monster!sentry.
  2. The waves leapt like flames offirela cheetah.
  3. The sea shone like a lake of phosphorus.
  4. The sun set like a red-hot ball of iron.
  5. The rain fell heavily like bullets.
  6. The birds soared like kites.
  7. Dawn broke like mist.
  8. The stars were twinkling like glow-worms.
  9. The wind shook the trees as an earthquake shakes buildings etc.

Other similes :

  • The storm rose like a demon from his sleep.
  • The moon shone like an incandescent bulb.

Question 9.
Now that you have seen some techniques for creating vivid images with language, try to compose a poem or write a short descriptive paragraph using similes and colourful expressions. Work in pairs if you prefer. Then read it out to the class.
Choose one of these themes : waves, stars and moon, rocks, sunset or sunrise. Consider the following for your chosen theme :

  • What does it look like ?
  • What does it feel like ?
  • What does it sound like ?
  • How does it move ?
  • Where do we see it ?
  • When do we see it ?

Answer :
Students can write on their own on the other given themes. A DESCRIPTIVE PARAGRAPH and a poem are given below, as asked for.

Sunset :
Last week, I felt an urge to take a stroll at 5 pm. Luckily, a cool breeze had just begun to blow. I felt as if the Nature had switched on its air-conditioner on a hot day. All of a sudden, I wanted to see and enjoy the sunset. I ascended a nearby hill. The sun was going to set.

It looked like a huge deep orange. It had no heat and dazzling brightness of daytime. It was slowly moving downwards across the rim of mother Earth. It was like the moon moving on a clouded night. There spread a pinkish-yellow colour as if someone had spread a huge bedspread across the sky. The clouds near the setting sun looked gorgeous like rose petals. I felt like flying in an aeroplane after seeing such an uncommon scene. In fact, the scene was superb and breathtaking.

Sharad Purnima Night :

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